Getting to know India

India is a very colorful country with a very rich history starting from ancient civilizations which date back almost 5000 years.

The Indian subcontinent is in Asia. It is a peninsula and the three sides are surrounded by Arabian Sea in the south west, Bay Of Bengal in the south east and Indian Ocean in the South. India shares its political borders with Pakistan and Afghanistan on the west, Bangladesh and Burma in the east, Nepal, China, Tibet and Bhutan in the north.

The official, Sanskrit name for India is "BHARAT" , the name of the legendary king in the Mahabhrata. India became independent on August 15, 1947, from British rule. Through India's long history, religion has been the carrier and preserver of culture.

Climate varies significantly from Himalayas in north to tropical south. Four seasons: relatively dry, cool winter December to February; dry, hot summer March to May; southwest monsoon June to September when predominating southwest maritime winds bring rains to most of country; and northeast, or retreating, monsoon October and November.

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